History for Kids: The Inca
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The Inca Empire began around Lake Titicaca in about From to , the Incas used conquest and non-violent assimilation to gain a large portion of western South America, that centered on the Andean mountain ranges. In , Atahualpa , the last sovereign emperor, was executed by the conquistador Francisco Pizarro. That meant the beginning of Spanish rule in South America.
Inca - The Ancient Civilization | Facts For Kids, History « Kinooze
The Inca Empire was supported by an economy based on the ownership of the land. KidzSearch Safe Wikipedia for Kids. Jump to: navigation , search.
For the rulers of the empire, see Sapa Inca. Categories : Articles containing Quechua language text Inca civilization Former empires s establishments s disestablishments Former monarchies. Almost the only meat regularly used was guinea pig. Men, if they were not on military duty, worked in the fields. Women did spinning and weaving and took care of the home. Often, however, wives went to the fields and helped their husbands with the farming. Since there was no regular schooling except for the children of nobles , most young people learned adult chores by watching their parents.
Some workers tended flocks of llamas. The llama, a relative of the camel, provided coarse wool for spinning and was used as a beast of burden. There were no wheeled vehicles, but a llama could carry pounds 45 kilograms.
The average house was a one-room structure of stone or mud brick, roofed with thatch. At night the whole family slept together on the floor.
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There were no mattresses not even for the emperor. People doubled a huge blanket and crawled inside. There was also a temple dedicated to the god of creation, Viracocha wee-rah-KOH-chah. People everywhere worshiped their ancestors.
Each neighborhood kept a mummy, supposedly of the ancestor from whom all the living were descended. Mummies of the emperors were kept in palaces in Cuzco. Feasts and the Calendar.
The Incas developed an accurate calendar by observing the movements of the sun. By observing the moon, they divided the year into twelve months and planned their major religious feasts accordingly. A feast celebrating the harvest was held in the month corresponding to May. June marked the great feast of the Sun. Rituals of planting were held in August.
Ancient Inca Facts & Worksheets
Sacrifices of guinea pigs and llamas were required on such occasions. Sometimes human beings were sacrificed. Crafts and Engineering The Incas were competent artists, but their works are valued less for beauty than for technical perfection. They are known not so much for sculpture and painting as for weaving, road and bridge construction, and stone masonry. Inca weaving rivaled the best work done in Europe.
The finest cloth was a kind of tapestry, finished on both sides, with intricate designs in many colors. This was a woman's craft.
Most other works were done by men. The science of metallurgy was more advanced in Peru than anywhere else in the Americas. Deep ming was practiced, as well as a kind of smelting to remove metal from raw ore. Copper and tin were combined to produce bronze, which made stronger weapons and tools. On August 13, the city fell into ruins.
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Moctezuma II , the 9th emperor of the Aztecs, welcomed the Spanish explorers not knowing that these explorers would be the downfall of their civilization. They often took prisoners so that they could be sacrificed to their gods as Aztec gods were very important to them. The most important gods were: Inti, the sun god, Quilla the moon goddess wife of the sun , and Illapa god of thunder, who the Incas believed controlled the rain.
Archaeologists can only apply guesswork through their findings as how important the city of Machu Picchu was during the Inca period of history.
History of the Incas
The Mayans worshipped many different gods. American History Calendar : A calendar site showing American history in a unique way: through a user-friendly web calendar. Birthdays of important people in American history and important events in American history can be viewed; interactive - browse through it and display details on a specific person or event.