Fetal Alcohol Syndrome/Effects
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A child who is thought to have an FASD may be referred to a developmental pediatrician, genetic specialist, or another specialist who can help identify the problem and confirm a diagnosis. But many things can be done to help a child reach his or her full potential, especially when the condition is diagnosed early on.
Doctors may prescribe medicines to help with some of the problems associated with FAS, including attention deficit hyperactivity disorder ADHD , depression , aggressive behavior, sleep problems, and anxiety. Sometimes families want to try alternative treatments for FASDs, such as biofeedback, yoga, herbal supplements, and creative art therapy. Children with an FASD tend to be friendly and cheerful and enjoy social interaction, but caring for a child with this syndrome can still be challenging at times.
Many kids will have lifelong learning and behavioral problems. Besides early intervention services and support from your child's school, providing a stable, nurturing, and safe home environment can help reduce the effects of an FASD. Don't be afraid to seek help, if needed. Talk to your child's doctor or other members of the care team. Finally, a caregiver of a child with FAS should make sure to take care of himself or herself as well. Support groups and counselors can be helpful. It's also important to get help for a parent or caregiver who continues to struggle with alcohol addiction.
Reviewed by: Mary L.
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
Gavin, MD. Larger text size Large text size Regular text size. If you have a problem with drinking, talk to your doctor or another health professional. They may be able to help you stop drinking, or to cut back on your drinking as much as possible. The effects of FASD last throughout life.
The problems change as the child grows up. Behaviour and mood problems such as alcohol and drug abuse, depression, psychosis and aggressive behaviour often begin in the teenage years. People with FASD are commonly not able to manage their own lives, or to be totally independent as adults.
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What is fetal alcohol spectrum disorder FASD? FASD includes any of the following diagnoses: fetal alcohol syndrome partial fetal alcohol syndrome alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder alcohol-related birth defects. Signs and symptoms. Problems with intelligence and learning Children with FASD may have one or more of the following problems: intellectual disability IQ below 70 ; however, most children with FASD have IQs in the normal range slow learning, short attention span, hyperactivity or memory problems learning disabilities, especially with reading, comprehension and abstract math delays or lack of abilities in speech and language: for example, the child may have receptive language disorder, interrupt, talk out of context or chat with no content lack of executive function skills, including difficulties with organization, planning and reasoning inability to manage money, for example by saving and budgeting inability to understand cause and effect Sensory integration problems Children with FASD may need more or less stimulation than the average person.
These problems may involve one or more senses, such as: sensitivity to touch; the child may not be able to tolerate tags in shirts or seams in clothing seeming to need more touch than other children; for example, the child may need tight hugs or may not seem to feel pain hating bright lights or noise noticing smells more than others being bothered by "every little thing" These problems may occur in combination. Behaviour and mood problems Babies with FASD may have one or more of the following problems: irritable, nervous, or sensitive to sound and light cry often very quiet and not very responsive Children with FASD may have one or more of the following problems: behavioural problems, such as oppositional defiant disorder and aggressive or defiant behaviours mental illness, such as depression or psychosis drug and alcohol problems anger control problems or violence Poor judgment and the inability to connect an action with its consequences are the hallmarks of FASD.
Physical problems At birth, babies may have one or more of the following: low birth weight less than 2. Causes, risk factors and prevalence. FASD is caused by drinking alcohol during pregnancy FASD can happen when a pregnant woman drinks any type of alcohol, including beer, wine, hard liquor or coolers.
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder - Wikipedia
High risk begins when a woman has two drinks a day, or 14 drinks on average per week, or four or more drinks on any one occasion. Recent evidence suggests that even one drink per day may cause behavioural problems. The kinds of problems the baby may have depends on when the mother drinks during the pregnancy: Since the brain is developing during the entire pregnancy, the brain is always being affected if the mother drinks regularly. Drinking during the second trimester increases the chances of spontaneous abortion miscarriage.
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
Drinking during the third trimester, and during nursing, can affect intelligence. How FASD is diagnosed If you think that your baby could have been exposed to alcohol before birth, speak to your doctor. A health care provider can diagnose FASD by: asking about the mother's pregnancy and the child's birth doing a physical exam testing the child's abilities to understand, communicate, move and adapt measuring facial features.
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